Treatment of dental caries

Treatment of dental caries

Dental caries is not just painful discomfort, but it’s also a tooth disease. Caries requires special treatment that removes pain and damaged tooth structure, repairs all damages caused by caries. Below we will explain different procedures that a dentist can recommend to treat caries. Dental caries is the scientific name for the disease process. It leads to demineralization (loss of minerals) and progressive tooth destruction. This endangers not only the health but teeth aesthetics can get worse too. A small caries can lead to sensitivity to cold, hot, sour or sweet food and drinks. You can even feel pain while chewing. However, as soon as the caries is getting worse, more serious problems arise. It can be acute pain, inflammation of the pulp or even subsequent tooth loss because of serious complications of the caries.

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The most common form of treatment for initial, moderate and extensive stages of caries is filling. The dentist diagnoses caries, offers treatments, injects for pain relief, dissects the affected tooth, removes caries, disinfects the cavity, and finally gets a filling from a suitable material into the dissected tooth in order to restore the strength and shape of the tooth. Although most modern fillings consist of resin-based composites, a number of other materials are also used. Other materials, such as glass ionomer cement, may be used to fill the occlusive cavities and cavities on the back teeth (molars). In case of dental caries on the lateral sides, grinding surfaces or in the interproximal space, the dentist can choose a dental polymer composite on the visible part of the tooth that is functional, looks better and meets tall aesthetic requirements. Depending on the severity and location of the dental caries, the dentist will determine which treatment is best for you and will recommend the most appropriate filling.

If the damage caused by caries is too deep that it cannot be treated with any of the above-mentioned treatments and there is inflammation of the pulp, your dentist will probably recommend you treatment of root canals. As soon as tooth decay penetrates the protective layer of tooth enamel, it begins to spread through the dentin. Caries that damages a large amount of dentin can inflame the soft tissue of the tooth cavity - the pulp. Only root canal treatment can solve this problem. During this procedure we use an aesthesia. The dentist removes the damaged nerve and surrounding tissue formed by blood vessels and a pulp. The specialist fills the entire area with a special endodontic filling. If it is necessary to remove most of the tooth during the procedure, the dentist may recommend making a crown to extend the life of the tooth after completing the procedure.

The most common treatment is provided for the back teeth (molars), which are harder to clean with a toothbrush. The problem of tooth decay can be prevented by proper and thorough tooth brushing, properly selected toothpaste, regular preventive check-ups and professional oral hygiene. Each case of caries has a different degree of damage caused by a cluster of bacteria. They produce acid that damages and destroys the tooth in some part of a tooth. If they are not removed from the surface of the tooth, a pathological process begins. Enamel damages first, then dentin, pulp and then the root of the tooth. The sooner the damage is fixed, the less damage to the tooth and the lower cost of treatment.

Our specialists use the latest digital technologies, due to which they can identify and diagnose caries at an initial stage. Thanks to this we can effectively treat the tooth without further complications. For filling we use the best materials that allow preserving the natural anatomical shape of the tooth. In this way we achieve both a natural appearance and a high functionality of teeth. The doctor always takes an X-ray or photo before and after the treatment to see progression of a treatment and what has changed as a result.

How to avoid caries?

1. Reduce sugar consumption

2. Brush your teeth properly twice a day

3. Try to avoid temps swings (cold-hot liquids/food)

4. Visit the dentist regularly

5. Visit the hygienist regularly

6. Stop smoking

7. Food must be regular, preferably at the same time

8. Use fluorinated hygiene products

How to understand that I might have dental caries?

Tooth damage looks darker than the other tooth tissue. However, approximal caries lesion cannot be seen by the naked eye. In this case modern technologies and X-rays are needed for diagnostics.

How does the doctor know that he doesn’t dissect healthy tissue?

In the light the tooth damaged by caries glows red and the dentist knows where to dissect and where not.